Veterans of the first Gulf War who returned with multiple health symptom complaints show significant differences in brain structures from their fellow returnees without high numbers of health symptoms.
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Brain & Nervous System
Scientists have uncovered damage in a specific, primitive portion of the nervous systems of veterans suffering from Gulf War syndrome.
Barrow Neurological Institute at St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center recently performed its 100 th hypothalamic hamartoma (HH) surgery.
Mice whose brain cells respond to a flash of light are providing insight into the complexities of the sense of smell and may ultimately yield a better understanding of how the human brain works.
A team of researchers has discovered that a protein called CREB controls the odds of a neuron playing a role in memory formation.
When coping with an illness or disease such as Epilepsy, many people have found they can best express themselves and transcend barriers they face trying to describe the condition to others through artwork.
The brain is able to change itself as a result of previous experience at places where processing is much simpler and better understood.
Researchers have long recognized that for learning and memory to take place, certain genes must be activated to alter neuron activity inside the brain.
The discovery has implications for understanding disorders of myelin production. These disorders can affect the peripheral nervous system - the nerves outside the brain and spine.
People who develop dementia or Alzheimer's disease experience brain structure changes years before any signs of memory loss begin.
Using a novel video-imaging system, researchers have been able to observe proteins important in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease moving along axons, extensions of nerve cells that carry proteins away from the cell body.
More than 200,000 people in the United States are diagnosed with a primary or metastatic brain tumor each year. As the need for more effective treatment increases, so does research into improving treatment technology.
Some mature brain cells can grow new extensions when the amount of three particular proteins on their surface increases.
A drug for epilepsy with a new mechanism of action is safe and effective.
Neuroscientists at UCLA are now looking at lactate with a much more positive eye, considering it a possible replacement "fuel" for the brain in the immediate hours after a traumatic brain injury instead of glucose, the current standard.
Neuroradiologists believe a brain imaging approach that combines standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans with specialized contrast-enhanced techniques could lead to more effective diagnoses in patients with difficult-to-detect blood clots in veins of the brain.
Eslicarbazepine (ESL) shows promise as a treatment for epilepsy patients whose symptoms remain uncontrolled with existing medications.
Researchers at McGill University's Douglas Mental Health University Institute, have used magnetic resonance imaging to identify the part of the brain that stores our memories of meetings, parties, arguments, fun and the myriad other social interactions that colour our daily lives.
This month an estimated 174 Utahns will suffer life-altering injuries to the brain. If you're a male or you live off the Wasatch Front, your risk is even higher than that of other Utahns.
If human brain is damaged, a person may have abnormal social emotions in real life, and lack a normal concern for the well-being of others.
A team led by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators has confirmed that the imaging agent Pittsburgh Compound B (PiB) binds to the protein in amyloid plaques that characterize Alzheimer's disease in the human brain.
Adolescence is a time of remodeling in the prefrontal cortex, a brain structure dedicated to higher functions such as planning and social behaviors.
Epilepsy services in South East Wales will be the topic for the next meeting of the National Assembly's South Wales East Regional Committee.