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Brain & Nervous System
Ted Kennedy, age 76, was rushed to Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston yesterday after suffering a seizure at his Cape Cod home. The first report was that he had suffered from a stroke, but that has been ruled out. He is reportedly doing fine and has no after-effects from the seizure, although he is still undergoing tests in the hospital.
Gene therapy to replace the faulty CLN2 gene, which causes a neurodegenerative disease that is fatal by age 8-12 years, was able to slow significantly the rate of neurologic decline in treated children.
Study confirms that the ketogenic diet can be effective in reducing seizures in children with drug resistant epilepsy.
Many physicians prescribe antiepileptic medications to patients with brain tumors, even to those with no seizure history. Now, a new review of studies casts doubt on the wisdom of using these drugs - which can carry serious side effects - to prevent a first seizure in these patients.
"There has always been a question about whether it is worth using antiepileptic medications to protect against seizures in patients with a brain tumor even though we can't predict who will actually have a seizure," said lead review author Ivo Tremont-Lukats, M.D.
For the first time, researchers have peered deeply at the atomic level into the protein that causes hereditary cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) - a disease thought to cause stroke and dementia.
From autopsies, researchers have long known that some people die with sharp minds and perfect memories, but their brains riddled with the plaques and tangles of Alzheimer's disease. New research shows that those people have a larger part of the brain called the hippocampus.
The pituitary is a small bean-shaped gland that sits at the base of the skull, below the brain and behind the nasal sinuses. It is often called the "master gland" because it controls the functions of all the other endocrine glands overseeing growth and development, sex drive and reproductive functions, thyroid function, metabolism, water balance and the stress response.
People have tried treating brain tumors using chemo-radiation therapy combination treatments for decades.
New research shows cerebral microbleeds, which are lesions in the brain, are more common in people over 60 than previously thought. "We found a three-to-four-fold higher overall prevalence of cerebral microbleeds compared to other studies," according to study author Monique M.B. Breteler, MD, PhD, with the Erasmus MC University Medical Center in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. "These findings are of major importance since cerebral microbleeds likely reflect cerebrovascular pathology and may be associated with an increased risk of cerebrovascular problems."
Survey reveals room for improvement in balancing Epilepsy seizure control and side effects as well as improve treatment options.
On Sunday, Diane Long struggled with double vision because of a large aneurysm in her brain compressing a nerve that controls eye movement. On Monday, she became one of the first in the country to have surgery using a noninvasive procedure and a newly developed material called Onyx.
Researchers have pinpointed neurons in the brains of monkeys that may help explain how people make decisions in social situations and could aid understanding of autism.
Though they perch far apart on the avian family tree, birds with the ability to learn songs use similar brain structures to sing their tunes. Neurobiologists at Duke University Medical Center now have an explanation for this puzzling likeness.
Researchers will unveil a new brain fitness training program that help people maintain health-related quality of life and improve the performance of daily living tasks essential to independence.