Vitamin D Supplements Not Effective in Preserving Bone Mineral Density in Black Women

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Vitamin D Supplements

Vitamin D supplementation did not appear to prevent bone loss in postmenopausal black women, according to a study in the July 25 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

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Although there is general agreement on the optimal calcium intake recommended for reducing postmenopausal bone loss, and it is recognized that vitamin D is important in calcium maintenance, the optimal intake of vitamin D is controversial, according to background information in the article. Blood levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) are the best indicator of vitamin D status, with very low levels leading to rickets and osteomalacia (softening of bones). Black women have lower blood levels of 25-OHD because they synthesize less through skin exposure to the sun.

John F. Aloia, M.D., from Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, N.Y., and colleagues, conducted a randomized, double-blind trial comparing bone loss in postmenopausal black women taking vitamin D3 supplements and those not taking supplements. Two-hundred-eight healthy black women, aged 50 to 75 years, received either placebo or 20

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