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Disorders of the Testes

Armen Hareyan's picture

The testicles (also called testes) are part of the male reproductive system. The testicles are two oval organs about the size of large olives. They are located inside the scrotum, the loose sac of skin that hangs behind the penis. The testicles make the male hormones, including testosterone, and produce sperm, the male reproductive cells. Disorders of the testes can lead to serious complications, including hormonal imbalances, sexual dysfunction and infertility.

What disorders affect the testes?

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Some of the more common disorders that affect the testes include the following:

Testicular trauma

Because the testes are located within the scrotum, which hangs outside of the body, they do not have the protection of muscles and bones. This makes it easier for the testes to be struck, hit, kicked or crushed, which occurs most often during contact sports. Males can protect their testicles by wearing athletic cups during sports.

Trauma to the testes can cause severe pain, bruising and/or swelling. In most cases, the testes



i think my right testicles bigger than the left.. is that normal? when i was 12 i had a surgery on my testicles to remove a hydro seal. then when i was 18 my scrotum swelled up and got really painful, a doctor said i had mumps but i was so sure. later that year i got chronic joint and muscle pains which lasted for about 6 months. i am wondering whether i may have low or decreased testosterone production.