Treatment of Testicular Cancer

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If testicular cancer is found, the treatment depends on the stage of the cancer. Three standard treatments are used:

  • Surgery . Surgery removes the testicle and some of the lymph nodes (organs that fight infection) . Tumors that have spread to other places in the body may be partly or entirely removed by surgery.
  • Radiation therapy . H igh-energy x-rays or other types of radiation kill cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy . D rugs are used to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping the cells from dividing.

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Other types of treatment are being tested in clinical trials. For more information, go to www.cancer.gov/clinicaltrials .

Find testicular cancer early: do a self-exam

Most men find the cancer in their testicles themselves. This fast and simple exam can help you find this cancer early. Do the exam after a warm bath or shower every month. Also ask your health care provider to do a testicular exam as part of your regular check-up.

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