Treatment of Testicular Cancer
If testicular cancer is found, the treatment depends on the stage of the cancer. Three standard treatments are used:
- Surgery . Surgery removes the testicle and some of the lymph nodes (organs that fight infection) . Tumors that have spread to other places in the body may be partly or entirely removed by surgery.
- Radiation therapy . H igh-energy x-rays or other types of radiation kill cancer cells.
- Chemotherapy . D rugs are used to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping the cells from dividing.
Other types of treatment are being tested in clinical trials. For more information, go to www.cancer.gov/clinicaltrials .
Find testicular cancer early: do a self-exam
Most men find the cancer in their testicles themselves. This fast and simple exam can help you find this cancer early. Do the exam after a warm bath or shower every month. Also ask your health care provider to do a testicular exam as part of your regular check-up.