About 600,000 Adults Ages 18-49 Living With HIV In US

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About 600,000 adultsages 18 to 49 are living with HIV in the U.S., CDC'sNational Center for Health Statistics announced on Tuesday, Reutersreports. According to NCHS, the data indicate that HIV prevalence inthe U.S. remains stable, according to Reuters.

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Forthe study, Gerry McQuillan of NCHS and colleagues surveyed 11,928people ages 18 to 49 participating in the National Health andNutrition Examination Survey -- which administers blood tests andphysical exams to participants. According to McQuillan, the data werecollected from surveys conducted between 1999 and 2006 among peopleliving in households. He added that prisoners, the homeless andpatients in institutions were excluded from the survey. NCHS tookdata from surveys conducted between 1999 and 2006 "because HIVhas a very low prevalence," McQuillan said, adding, "Youhave to combine all the years."

The report found that HIVprevalence among people ages 18 to 49 "in the civilian,noninstitutionalized household" population was 0.47%. Accordingto McQuillan, that means that between 447,000 and 841,000 people --or an average of 618,000 -- are living with the virus. According tothe report, HIV prevalence was 0.7% and 0.2% among men and women,respectively (Fox, Reuters,1/29). The data also show that non-Hispanic blacks were more likelyto be HIV-positive than other racial and ethnic groups (NCHS study,January 2008). "We do see the disparities by race/ethnicity"in terms of HIV prevalence, McQuillan said, adding, but "[w]ecan say the prevalence is basically stable in this U.S.,household-based population."

According to Reuters,the report does not include data on new HIV cases, but some advocatessay the number of new annual HIV cases in the U.S. could be as muchas 50% higher than previous estimates (Reuters,1/29). Researchers and public health officials who have been briefedon the new data have said CDC this year likely will release figuresindicating that in 2005, new HIV cases were 20% to 50% higher thanpreviously thought -- translating to a total of up to 60,000 newcases annually. The final number is pending peer review by ascientific journal (KaiserDaily HIV/AIDS Report,12/3/07).

Reprinted withpermission from kaisernetwork.org.You can view the entire KaiserDaily HIV/AIDS Report,search the archives, and sign up for email delivery atkaisernetwork.org/email. The Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report is published forkaisernetwork.org, a free service of The Henry J. Kaiser FamilyFoundation.

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