Blacks With HIV Have Higher Risk For Kidney Failure
Blacks who are HIV-positive are more likely than their whitecounterparts to have end-stage renal disease, or kidney failure,according to a study in the October issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, Reuters Health reports.
HIVis known to cause kidney disease, but few studies have quantified therisk of kidney failure associated with the infection, according to Reuters. For the report, lead author Andy Choi of San Francisco General Hospital and colleagues examined a group of more than two million patients in the Department of Veterans Affairshealth care system. They compared rates of kidney failure in patientswith HIV with patients who had diabetes, another known cause of kidneydisease.
Researchers found that about 15,000 of theparticipants had HIV -- a rate of 0.8% -- and that 54% of theHIV-positive patients were black. Choi said that the study"demonstrated a striking and unexpected degree of (kidney failure)among HIV-infected persons of black race," adding, "We can think of fewother risk factors for (kidney failure) that are modified to thisextent by race." Researchers suggested that blacks and other high-riskindividuals receive annual screenings for kidney disease. "This findinghighlights the importance of efforts to improve the management ofkidney disease among black patients with HIV infection," Choi said(Rauscher, Reuters Health, 10/23).
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