Cancer Deaths Continue To Decline
Cancer related death rates have been declining in US from 1990s, according to a report released by American Cancer Society. The report shows promising results in cancer prevention, but it still estimates that about half a million people may die in 2008 from the disease.
ACS report showed that cancer related death rates were at peak in 1990 and 1991, later the rates started to decrease. The decline is continuing nowadays. The decline was slower in 2004 and 2005, but later the decline went up again.
Cancer death rates declined by 18.4% in men and by 10.5% in women during the mentioned period. Scientists mention smoking cessation as the most important step forward to healthier life. Smoking rates have been decreasing during the past 30-40 years, and this really shows positive results.
The report shows effectiveness of preventing, diagnosing, treating the disease and encourages doctors and scientists to do more research and go on with new findings. However, it still predicts about 1437180 new cases of cancer diagnosis and about 565650 deaths in 2008.
The report also examined the link between lack of health insurance and cancer cases. It found clear evidence that those who are underinsured or uninsured have their cancers diagnosed in later stages, than those who are private health insurance covered.
Here are some figures provided by ACS report showing current cancer situation in US and some predictions for 2008:
* Rectum, prostate, lung, colon cancers account the half of all newly diagnosed cancer cases among men. Prostate cancer takes 1/4 of all cancers diagnosed in men.
* Men younger than 40 are predicted to die mostly from leukemia. Men over 40 are predicted to die from lung cancer.
* Newly diagnosed cancer cases will be 19% higher in black men compared to whites. Cancer related deaths will be 37% higher in black men compared to whites
* Breast, lung, colorectal cancers account the half of all newly diagnosed cancer cases among women.
* Breast cancer cases are estimated about 26% of all cancer cases among women.
* In 2008 about 1/4 of cancer death cases are predicted to be associated with lung cancer.
* Women younger than 20 are predicted to die from leukemia. Women from 20 to 59 are expected to die from breast cancer. Women over 60 will mostly suffer and die from lung cancer.
* Newly diagnosed cancer cases will be 7% lower in black women compared to whites. Cancer related deaths will be 77% higher in black women compared to whites
* Children who were cancer diagnosed between 1975 and 1977 had improved survival rates by 58%.
* Children who were cancer diagnosed between 1996 and 2003 had improved survival rates by 80%.