Stress may help cancer cells resist treatment
Stress and Cancer Treatment
Scientists from Wake Forest University School of Medicine are the first to report that the stress hormone epinephrine causes changes in prostate and breast cancer cells that may make them resistant to cell death.
"These data imply that emotional stress may contribute to the development of cancer and may also reduce the effectiveness of cancer treatments," said George Kulik, D.V.M., Ph.D., an assistant professor of cancer biology and senior researcher on the project.
The study results are reported on-line in the Journal of Biological Chemistry and will appear in a future print issue.
Levels of epinephrine, which is produced by the adrenal glands, are sharply increased in response to stressful situations and can remain continuously elevated during persistent stress and depression, according to previous research. The goal of the current study was to determine whether there is a direct link between stress hormones and changes in cancer cells.
While a link between stress and cancer has been suggested, studies in large groups of people have been mixed.
"Population studies have had contradictory results," said Kulik. "We asked the question,