Child Drowning Cases Rise
Child drowning cases rise, especially among those under age of 5.
The report by Consumer Product Safety Commission estimates that child drowning cases rose from 267 between 2002 and 2004 to 283 between 2003 and 2005. Most of cases occur among those aged from 1 to 4 and mainly when children are without adults.
The increase is not significant compared to the increase of pools and spas - from 12.5 million in 2002 to 15 million in 2007, but the cases urge the need of serious safety measures.
Most of pools and spas are being used in residential settings were most of child drowning cases occur. Previously, most of the pools were in-ground, which require constructional approval. Pools design receives approval only if all safety measures are taken. These pools report the lowest level of drowning cases.
However, there are currently lots of inflatable pools available in supermarkets and these pools are being consumed widely. These pools don't pass any safety checks by safety officials and carry the highest risk of child drowning. Since the inflatable pools are comparably cheap, they don't include fences or alarms. Pool covers for inflatable pools are mainly aimed at protecting pools from debris, but they can't hold parson's weight, so younger children can easily fall into a pool.
Those producing and selling inflatable pools are ensuring that there are safety brochures and educational materials sold with each item, but statistics shows that these pools report the highest number of child drowning.
Newly approved Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act is aimed at improving pool safety and reducing child drowning cases. The act requires drain covers and anti-entrapment systems to ensure safety, but apart from certain safety measures, parents must be educated and regularly reminded about child safety measures.