EU Proposes New Strict Rules For Toys

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Toy Safety

European Commission has come forward with measures to improve toy safety in Europe. The Commission wants to strengthen EU-rules, especially those relating to the use of chemical substances in toys. The proposal tabled today aims at enhancing the safety of toys replacing and modernizing the 20 years old Toys Directive 88/378/EEC of 3rd May 1988. The revision has a threefold objective: first and foremost there will be new and higher safety requirements to cope with recently identified hazards, secondly it will strengthen manufacturers' and importers' responsibility for the marketing of toys and finally it enhances the market surveillance obligations of Member States.

Vice-President Gunter Verheugen, responsible for enterprise and industrial policy, said: "Health and safety of children is non-negotiable and cannot be subject to any compromises. That is why we have to ensure that toys put on the market in Europe are safe. The proposed new Directive which was adopted today incorporates the newest health and safety standards and improves the effectiveness and enforcement of the EU legal framework. Economic operators are now called to live up to their responsibilities to ensure that children can enjoy playing with toys without risks."

New legislation for the safety of toys

The proposal addresses a wide range of issues to improve the existing rules for the marketing of toys that are produced in and imported into the EU in view to reducing toy related accidents and to achieving health benefits. It will, in particular:

* Prohibit the use of chemical substances that are susceptible to provoke cancer, so-called CMR (Carcinogenic, Mutagenic or toxic for Reproduction) substances;

* Reduce the allowed limits of certain dangerous chemical substances like lead or mercury;

* Prohibit allergenic fragrances;

* Oblige toy manufacturers to issue appropriate warnings to improve the prevention of accidents. The Commission will also carry out further work on more detailed guidelines on warnings;

* Strengthen the rules to prevent accidents due to small parts in toys;

* Ban toys which are firmly attached to a food product at the moment of consumption and which require food to be consumed before getting access to the toy;


* Require toy manufacturers to establish comprehensive technical information for all their toys to allow Market Surveillance authorities to check the design and manufacture of the toy;

* Foresee testing of toys through independent laboratories where no standards for toys yet exist (e.g. for toys with magnets);

* Reinforce the importer's responsibility for ensuring that toys imported into the EU are safe;

* Enhance the visibility of the CE mark on the toy;

* Oblige Member States to strengthen market surveillance and controls on the spot and at the EU-borders,

* Oblige Member States to lay down impose penalties if toy manufacturers/importers do not produce toys in line with the safety requirements of the Directive.

The Commission proposal will now be discussed with the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers with a view to an adoption in the co-decision procedure.


The current Toys Safety Directive sets the essential safety requirements toys marketed in the EU have to fulfil, while specific technical details are set through standards (for toys standards EN 71). It contains an obligation for Member States to ensure that only safe toys are placed on the market. This obligation is based on the respect of essential safety requirements which foresee that toys must not present any health hazards or risk of injury.

The Directive has in general worked well over its 20 years of existence. It needs now to be revised after a number of gaps and necessary updates have been identified where it does not fully meet its objectives to provide an adequate level of safety of toys while ensuring the smooth functioning of the Internal Market for toys. These concern:

1. The safety of toys due to the development of new products and improvements in scientific knowledge

2. A more efficient and stringent enforcement of the Directive by the Member States;

3. Simplification of the concept and definitions in line with the Commission's Better Regulation principles