Couples From One-Child Families In Guangzhou Encouraged To Have Two Children

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Couples residing in Guangzhou, China, who have one child are beingencouraged to have a second infant in an attempt to address issuesraised by the increasingly aging population in the region, China Daily reports (Zheng, China Daily, 7/5).

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China'sone-child-per-family policy seeks to keep the country's population, now1.3 billion, at about 1.7 billion by 2050. Methods of enforcing thepolicy, such as fines and work demotions, vary among Chinese provincesand cities (Kaiser Daily Women's Health Policy Report, 6/1). According to Reuters India,most cities in the country allow couples where both partners are onlychildren to have two infants. The Chinese government has rejected callsby other countries to change its family planning policy, Reuters India reports (Reuters India,7/5). Zhang Weiqing, head of the national population and familyplanning commission, on Tuesday said the government will "adhere" toits family planning policy for the foreseeable future, adding, "We mustbear in mind that it is not easy for China to achieve the present lowbirth rate" (Guan, China Daily, 7/4).

Guangzhou Policy

According to China Daily,the Guangzhou commission of population development and family planningis looking at ways of curbing problems caused by an increasinglyelderly population in the city, including encouraging couples to havetwo children. The commission estimates that by 2010 the city will havemore than one million people age 60 or older but will only be able toaccommodate 40,000 in its elderly homes. According to China Daily,there are currently 945,000 people age 60 and older, accounting foralmost 13% of the city's total population. Recent studies have foundthat a majority of married couples in Guangzhou have a single child,and less than 10% of married couples have no children (China Daily, 7/5).

Reprinted with permission from kaisernetwork.org. You can view theentire Kaiser DailyWomen's Health Policy Report, search the archives, and sign up for emaildelivery at kaisernetwork.org/email. The Kaiser Daily Women's Health Policy Report is published for kaisernetwork.org, afree service of The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation.

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