Sexual Health: Female Pain During Sex

Armen Hareyan's picture

Pain and Sexual Intercourse

Intercourse pain, or dyspareunia, can cause problems in a couple's sexual relationship. Painful intercourse can have negative emotional effects in addition to the physical pain, so the problem should be addressed as soon as it becomes evident.

What causes female sexual pain?
In many cases, a woman can experience pain during sex if there is not sufficient vaginal lubrication. In these cases, the pain can be resolved if the female becomes more relaxed, if the amount of foreplay is increased, or if the couple uses a sexual lubricant.

In some cases, a woman can experience painful intercourse if one of the following conditions is present:

  • Vaginismus - This is a common condition in which there is a spasm in the vaginal muscles, mainly caused by the fear of being hurt.


  • Vaginal infections - These conditions are common and include yeast infections.

  • Problems with the cervix (opening to the uterus) - The penis can reach the cervix at maximum penetration. Therefore, problems with the cervix (such as infections) can cause pain during deep penetration.

  • Problems with the uterus - These may include fibroids that can cause deep intercourse pain.

  • Endometriosis - A condition in which the endometrium (tissue lining the uterus) grows outside the uterus.

  • Problems with the ovaries -