Atomic bomb survivors who had higher radiation exposure show increased incidence of thyroid diseases.
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Disease and Condition
Completing the most comprehensive review of anthrax cases research found that it was rapid diagnosis and initiation of antibiotic treatment within the first few days of symptoms that saved lives.
Researchers have jumped a significant hurdle in the use of RNA interference (RNAi), believed to be the tool to decode the function of individual genes in the human genome and to treat disease.
The study shows the use of biologically compatible materials to fabricate a "nanoshuttle," which can be harnessed to viral particles to precisely home to disease wherever it hides.
Although certain drugs, such as levodopa, can reduce the symptoms of Parkinson's, no treatment has been shown to slow the progressive deterioration in function.
Cases of diarrheal disease in passengers on cruise ships increased during 2001 through 2004, despite good results from environmental health sanitation inspection of the ships.
Researchers could determine one week after a bone marrow transplant which patients were likely to develop a deadly complication, making them candidates for preventive treatment before any symptoms occur.
The heartburn drugs Prilosec and Prevacid reduce the risk of bleeding, abdominal surgery and death when used to treat life threatening peptic ulcers.
A combination of older malaria drugs could treat malaria efficiently in some parts of Africa until a newer antimalarial drug is widely available in those areas
The model may help to ID patients with pulmonary embolism who are at low risk of death and major adverse outcomes.
Although cystic fibrosis patients in clinical trials had more severe illness, worse lung function, their involvement in research studies resulted in less lung function decline.
Atherothrombosis is the leading cause of cardiovascular illness and death around the globe.
Findings support the notion that clinically manifest Parkinson's disease is preceded by a preclinical phase that is not entirely asymptomatic.
By sequencing the genome of the symbiotic bacterium Sodalis, which lives off the major disease transmitting insect, the tsetse fly, researchers have come closer to understanding how microbial pathogens cause disease.
The recently emerged field of bacterial riboswitches may be a good hunting ground for effective targets against bacterial infection.
The most frequent disease conditions that underlie COPD are severe emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Years of smoking are the primary cause.
Treatment failure and mortality rates for community acquired pneumonia were much higher when Spanish physicians failed to follow the latest antibiotic treatment guidelines.
Low doses of the antibiotic azithromycin can halt and reverse lung function decline in lung transplant patients who suffer from Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome (BOS).
A pulmonary embolism is usually caused by a blood clot that travels through the bloodstream and suddenly blocks an artery of the lung.
It could shed more light on drug resistant strains and give doctors new hope of improving the health of patients suffering from debilitating diseases.
Cells sent to fight infections in the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients actually enhance the development of permanent bacterial infections.
Mice that were fed a high fat diet and exposed to air with fine particles had 1.5 times more plaque production than mice fed the same diet and exposed to clean filtered air.
Findings show how cells can be reactivated and suggest lines of research that may lead to therapies for autoimmune diseases.
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