E-coli Bug Spreads In Community

Armen Hareyan's picture
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E-coli

E-coli is showing an active tendency to spread quickly in community. People may be infected even without being in a hospital.

Researchers from University of Calgary in Canada examine worldwide data starting from 2000 about E-coli infections and found that the infection has potential threat for public health. The research was published in journal Lancet Infectious Diseases urging for more funding and resources to prevent the antibiotic resistant disease.

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The research says: "These bacteria have become widely prevalent in the community setting in certain areas of the world and they are most likely being imported into the hospital setting."

Escherichia coli (E-coli) is a bacteria living in human gut and is usually inoffensive, but some strains such as 0157 may be even deadly. These strains can cause bloodstream infections which are much more dangerous and difficult to treat compared to urine infections. The strains are mainly linked to food poisoning. However, the research alarms that the bacteria may also pass from an infected person to another.

The research compared E-coli to community-acquired Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (C-MRSA). This was a type infection initially being acquired in hospitals, but the bug mutated and started to spread within communities. E-coli bug is also mutating and becoming antibiotic resistant. It is being diagnosed in about 250 patients annually and is very dangerous for childer and elderly.

The research says: "E-coli infections are currently rare, but it is possible that, in the near future, clinicians will be regularly confronted with hospital types of bacteria causing infections in patients from the community, a scenario very similar to that of community-acquired MRSA."

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