Black Kidney Disease Patients Less Likely To Be Added To Transplant Waiting List

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Kidney Disease

Black patients with end-stage renal or kidney disease who live inpoorer neighborhoods are 56% less likely than whites to be added to atransplant waiting list, according to a study by Emory University researchers, HealthDay/U.S. News & World Report reports.

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Forthe report, researcher Sandra Amaral and colleagues analyzed data onend-stage renal disease patients in Georgia, North Carolina and SouthCarolina from 1998 to 2002. Of the nearly 12,600 patients studied, 62%were black, and of those, 17% were put on a waiting list.

Whileresearchers theorized that those who lived the farthest away fromtransplant centers would be less likely than others to be put on akidney transplant waiting list, they found that distance to atransplant center did not have a significant influence. According tothe study, 27% of black patients and 9% of white patients lived inareas where more than 25% of the population had incomes below thefederal poverty level. Amaral said the reasons for the findings are"poorly understood, but multiple factors are likely involved," addingthat the findings warrant "further exploration but suggest that racialdisparity in the wait-listing process may indeed be a reflection ofdifferential access to health care."

Amaral also noted thatthe findings highlight "a potential new approach to addressing thedisparities: reaching out to poorer communities with advocacy andeducation" (HealthDay/U.S. News & World Report, 11/10).

Reprinted with permission from kaisernetwork.org. You can view theentire Kaiser WeeklyHealth Disparities Report,search the archives, and sign up for email delivery at kaisernetwork.org/email. The Kaiser Weekly HealthDisparities Report is published for kaisernetwork.org, a free service of TheHenry J. Kaiser Family Foundation.

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