Housing Conditions Serve As Risk Factors For Tuberculosis Infection

Armen Hareyan's picture


Housing conditions are used as socio-economic indicators of health and well-being. Poor housing quality and overcrowding are associated with poverty, specific ethnic groups and increased susceptibility to disease.


Crowding, poor air quality within homes as a result of inadequate ventilation, and the presence of mold and smoke contribute to poor respiratory health in general and have been implicated in the spread and/or outcome of TB.

According to the 2001 Canadian Census, First Nations, Inuit and recent immigrants (foreign-born) have a disproportionately higher share of housing needs than other Canadians. They have the highest risk of living in houses that are overcrowded and in disrepair, and/or they live in houses that cost more than 30% of their before-tax household income.

While the following statement concentrates on the implications for tuberculosis of inadequate housing in First Nations communities, the conclusions apply equally well to the M