HPA Publishes MRSA Bloodstream Infections And Clostridium Difficile Figures

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Bloodstream Infections

There was a 6.4% fall in the number of cases of blood stream infection reported to the Health Protection Agency from January - March 2007.

There were 1,444 cases reported in England compared to 1,542 in the last quarter.

In January 2007, the Agency started publishing quarterly surveillance figures on Healthcare Associated Infection to help hospitals improve the responsiveness of their efforts to reduce infections.

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These latest quarterly figures complete the full year's picture of MRSA bloodstream infections which have fallen by 10% over the course of the year. Between April 2006 - March 2007, 6,378 cases of MRSA bloodstream infections were reported, compared to 7,096 for the previous year. The biggest falls have been seen in London which previously had the highest number of cases, and in acute teaching trusts.

Dr Georgia Duckworth, head of the Agency's Healthcare Associated Infection & Antimicrobial Resistance Department, said: " Certain hospitals have made great strides in bringing down their levels of MRSA bloodstream infection, for example, by targeting interventions at risk areas and procedures, such as indwelling devices. As a result they have managed to achieve significant reductions in the number of infections.

"Today, we have also published some preliminary information from an extension to the MRSA bloodstream infection surveillance scheme. The information shows that MRSA occurs more frequently in the elderly, with more than 77% of cases reported in those 60 years and over. This group may be particularly at risk from MRSA bloodstream infections since many of them experience both prolonged hospital stays and admission to specialist units. "

The latest Clostridium difficile figures, also published today by the Health Protection Agency, show that there were 15,592 cases in patients aged 65 years and over in England reported in the first quarter of 2007. This represents a 2% rise when compared to the same period last year, January - March 2006, but is 22% higher than the previous quarter (12,797 cases were reported in October to December 2006); however higher numbers of vulnerable people are admitted to hospital during this time of year which may explain this rise.

Dr Christine McCartney, who leads the Agency's programme for Healthcare Associated Infections, said: "The Agency has been actively supporting and advising NHS Trusts to help them bring down their levels of healthcare associated infections, and the continuing fall in the numbers of MRSA cases is very encouraging. However there is still a lot of work to be done if we are to continue to achieve reductions in both MRSA bloodstream infections and C difficile. Many of these infections are preventable if hygiene and antibiotic prescribing guidelines are strictly followed by Trusts."

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