Stress Of War Harms Civilian Men More Than Women

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Stress of War

A man's health and behavior are more adversely impacted by war and the associated disruption than a woman's - as evidenced by the dramatic jump in non-combat mortality for Croatian men during the Croatian War of Independence.

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It is commonly known that men bear a higher mortality burden from the results of combat, given the composition of most militaries. In the Croatian war, nine times as many men died because of war-related causes. However, a University of Michigan study shows Croatian men also experienced a dramatically greater increase than women in non-combat mortality from both behavioral and internal causes.

The study has implications for understanding male and female psychology, said study author Daniel Kruger, assistant research scientist in the U-M School of Public Health. Kruger co-authored the study with Dr. Randolph Nesse, a researcher in the U-M Institute for Social Research, professor of psychology and psychiatry and director of the Evolution and Human Adaptation Program.

"Conditions of uncertainty where the whole environment is disrupted

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