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UK: Half Of Sunburn Cases Happen At Home

Ruzanna Harutyunyan's picture

More than 50 per cent of people who suffered sunburn last summer were burnt while at home in the UK, according to a Cancer Research UK survey released today as Bank Holiday temperatures are expected to soar.

In a survey of nearly 4,000 people around one in five people were burnt during the summer. Of these people, 55 per cent suffered sunburn in the UK and 54 per cent suffered sunburn abroad.

And almost 10 per cent of people who got sunburnt, were burnt both in the UK and abroad.

Sara Hiom, director of health information at Cancer Research UK, said: "Sun exposure leading to sunburn is the major cause of melanoma - a potentially fatal form of skin cancer - so it's extremely worrying to see that so many people are getting burnt at home in the UK.

"The British weather causes a problem in this country. For a lot of the time we see no sun and when it does come out people want to make the most of it and may not take as much care to avoid burning as they should.

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"Even though the sun's rays are more intense the closer you get to the equator we still need to take care in the UK. UV rays are invisible and can't be felt on the skin but can damage skin cells leading to sunburn and an increased risk of skin cancer. So even if it's a breezy summer day when it may not feel as warm - the potential for sunburn is still there.

"Importantly people need to know their skin. This means understanding your own skin type and knowing how likely you are to burn. Everyone is different and you're most at risk from melanoma if you have fair skin, red hair, lots of freckles, moles or a family history of the disease.

"But people do need to spend some time in the sun as vitamin D is important for good health. Everyone can make enough vitamin D from short periods of exposure to the summer sun - and this is always less than the time it takes to burn."

The survey also reported that 70 per cent of people said that using sunbeds is not safer than sun tanning.

Sarah Woolnough, head of policy at Cancer Research UK, said: "It's encouraging to see that the majority of people understand that using a sunbed is not a safer way to tan. The intensity of some UV rays from sunbeds can be 10-15 times higher than the midday sun. Too much UV can damage the DNA in our skin cells. This can mean cells start growing out of control which, over time, can lead to skin cancer.

"Cancer Research UK is calling to ban under 18s using sunbeds, close salons that aren't supervised by trained staff and ensure information about the risks of using sunbeds is given to all customers."



First we must recognize that most melanomas occur where the sun doesn't shine such as the soles of your feet or even your intestines. So while it is true that sunburn is associated with an increased risk of melanoma that is only a part of the story and is frankly misleading to concentrate on that story and ignore the fact that sunscreen use at the latitude of the UK (or above 40 degrees) results in a higher risk of melanoma. There is an excellent You Tube Video from the Vitamin D charity Grassrootshealth that explains how sunscreens increase cancer incidence by shifting the Vitamin D producing UVB rays (that enable your body to fight cancer) from the UVB spectrum into the damaging, non vitamin D producing, UVA spectrum. Search for <a href="http://www.ucsd.tv/search-details.aspx?showID=15770">Skin Cancer/Sunscreen - the Dilemma </a>by Edward Gorham, PhD There is a <a href="http://nadir.nilu.no/~olaeng/fastrt/VitD-ez_quartMED.html">useful calculator here </a> That calculates how long outdoors your skin type needs at your latitude to generate 1000iu. Bear in mind though most of us require around 5000~6000iu/daily extra vitamin D to achieve the vitamin D status associated with<a href="http://www.grassrootshealth.net/media/download/disease_incidence_prev_chart_101608.pdf"> least chronic disease incidence. </a>