What You Need To Know About Prostrate Cancer
The Monongalia County Health Department would like to encourage the gentlemen in our community to do something important for themselves this Father’s Day … talk to their physician about their risks of prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer found in American men, other than skin cancer. In 2008, more than 186,000 American men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer … that’s one new case every 2.5 minutes and 28,000 will die from the disease … that’s one death every 19 minutes.
Prostate Cancer Statistics
• Prostate cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in America.
• One in six American men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer.
• A man is 35% more likely to develop prostate cancer than a woman is to develop breast cancer.
• Approximately 2 million American men currently have prostate cancer.
• A non-smoking man is more likely to develop prostate cancer than he is to develop colon, bladder, melanoma, lymphoma and kidney cancer combined.
Risk Factors, Symptoms and Screening
• African American men are 56% more likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer than Caucasian men and are nearly 2.5 times as likely to die from the disease.
• The only well-established risk factors for prostate cancer are age, ethnicity and family history of the disease; however, high dietary fat intake may also be a significant risk factor.
• The chance of being diagnosed with prostate cancer increases rapidly after age 50. More than 65% of all prostate cancers are diagnosed in men over the age of 65.
o Difficulty starting to urinate
o Less force to the stream of urine
o Dribbling after you finish urinating
o Frequent urination
o Blood or pus in the urine
o Pain or burning feeling while urinating
o Pain with ejaculation
o Hip or back pain that does not go away over time
• Early prostate cancer usually has no symptoms and is most commonly detected through prostate cancer screening tests such as the PSA blood test and digital rectal exam.
Treatments & Survival Rates
• Prostate cancer can be eliminated from the body by surgery or radiation – if diagnosed at an early stage. However, every year 70,000 men require additional treatment due to a recurrence of prostate cancer.
• Because approximately 90% of all prostate cancers are detected in the local and regional stages, the cure rate for prostate cancer is very high – nearly 100% of men diagnosed at this stage will be disease-free after five years.
The number of new cases and deaths of prostate cancer is expected to increase dramatically over the next decade as baby boomer men age into the target zone for prostate cancer. If there is no change in prevention or treatment strategies, by 2015 there will be approximately 3 million men battling prostate cancer and 45,000 could die from the disease each year. “Take control of your health by getting a yearly check-up from your doctor. Your best chance of avoiding diseases that afflict men are prevention, self examination and regular physician visits” stated Shaunda Rauch, Interim Public Information Specialist for the Monongalia County Health Department. Regular screening can catch many diseases in an early stage, when treatment is most likely to be successful.