World Hunger Dropping For First Time in 15 Years
Agencies for the United Nations has found that the number of chronically hungry people in the world has decreased for the first time in 15 years, thanks in part to a drop in food prices. Still, an estimated 925 million people worldwide are undernourished, down from 1 billion in 2009.
First Objective of MDG to Reduce Poverty and Hunger
The first objective of the Millennium Development Goals, set by the United Nations as a target for the year 2015, is to reduce the proportion of undernourished people from 20% in 1990-92 to 10% in the next five years. According to the agency, one in four children in the developing world is underweight, despite the positive progress.
China and India account for 40% of the world’s undernourished people. Other hungry countries include Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Ethiopia. Flooding in Pakistan which affected crops could increase the number of hungry there this year, the report said.
Although food prices remain “stubbornly high”, costs have fallen from peaks in 2007-2008 primarily due to strong cereal and rice harvests. Cereal production this year was the third-highest ever recorded, said Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) director general Jacques Diouf.
United Nations officials say that anyone regularly eating less than 1,800 calories a day is considered undernourished or “chronically hungry”.
Other goals of the United Nations for 2015 are to achieve universal primary education, promote gender equality and empower women, reduce child mortality, improve maternal health, combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, ensure environmental sustainability, and develop a global partnership for development.