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Are the nutritional deficinecies a major contributor to many of the chronic diseases that are seen in countries that eat Western Diet?


Nutrition in Food

America is considered the land of the plenty. This is especially true when it comes to food. There is no need in this country to stand in line for a loaf of bread. Daily, we eat more than a small bowl of rice and glass of milk. In fact, I remember many a day as a child, if I didn't want to eat my dinner and I was reminded of the starving children in Africa. The thought of being without food is beyond the grasp of many Americans.

According to Jeffrey Bland, Ph.D., the author of the book Genetic Nutritioneering, the leading nutritional problem in the US today is that many of us eat too many "empty calorie foods". It is not that we do not eat enough food, but instead, we don't eat enough of the right kinds of foods. So even though we may eat hardily, the chemical elements we need to maintain health are not being supplied by the foods we eat. This thought has led some health experts to conclude that nutritional deficiencies are a major contributor to many of the chronic diseases that are seen in countries that eat a Western Diet.

We all need to consume specific nutrients in order to survive. Our physical body is made up of a series of organs, glands, tissues and cells that all work together in an intricate set of biochemical processes. We eat proteins, carbohydrates and fats because these food substances contain vitamins, minerals, amino acids and phytonutrients, which act as the building blocks, cofactors and facilitators of these processes.

At the turn of the century, our relationship with food changed dramatically, with fast or convenience foods becoming a staple for many. As natural and whole food substances are transformed from raw food products into canned, boxed, precooked or instant foods, many of the vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients are lost. In addition, the use of food additives, preservatives, fillers, artificial flavorings and color have transformed something that was once good for you, into boxes or bags of chemicals that have been sweetened or otherwise enhanced to make them palatable. It is not unheard of to buy items to eat that have little to no actual food in them. They are instead made up of hydrogenated vegetable oils, fillers, artificial colors and flavors and loads of chemical preservatives to keep them from spoiling. As for nutritional value, they have none, or very little.

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Today, when you walk down the aisles of the supermarket, many of the choices available are not "whole" foods nor natural. They are not filled with the vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients we need to thrive. Instead, they are preprocessed, presweetened and laden with artificial flavors, colors and preservatives. They have very little, if any nutritional value left within them. Take a moment to inventory your eating habits. How many of these foods do you eat? Kraft macaroni and cheese: box-o-chemicals, Betty Crocker potatoes a gratin: box-o-chemicals, hamburger helper: box-o-chemicals, Spam, Vienna sausages, Franco-American Spaghetti-O's, Cheese Wiz, all chemical laden. This is only a small list of products available to American consumers that we happily and whole-heartedly consume.

The truth is, our bodies were not designed to handle these non-food. There are no keys in our genetic make-up designed to utilize these products.

While nutritionists contend that soft drinks, white flour and other calorie-rich, nutrient-poor foods can fit into a good diet, in theory, they are correct. However, they regrettably ignore the fact that most Americans consume great quantities of these nutrient poor foods and only meager quantities of healthful foods.

Today, many Americans are becoming proactive about their health. A great place to start any kind of health program is to adopt a healthful diet. I feel, nevertheless, that many are uncertain of what they can do to promote health and vitality, or feel that eating healthy is an "all or nothing" proposition. Many health enthusiasts have led people to believe that in order to be healthy, the only route is to eat only organic foods, or to become a vegetarian. In the big picture of things, yes, they are right in their assertion, but making the transition from the typical American diet to one a more healthful one tends to seem like an insurmountable task. Many quit before they even try. There are also those who want to but just can't financially afford to live this lifestyle.

When creating a healthful food plan for yourself or your family, here are a few guidelines you can use to help you as you transition to a healthful diet and lifestyle. First, while not discussed earlier, we all need to drink at least 8 - 8oz glasses of water daily. Water, not soda, coffee or other beverage is necessary component in maintaining health. Other than it's role in the many biochemical processes our bodies perform, another of its functions is to help to remove toxins from the body.

When selecting foods, we should eat from a variety of whole, unprocessed foods

Dr. Rita Louise