Does salt cause fluid retention? Here is how you get rid of excess fluid (edema)
Fluid retention, also known as edema, is characterized by the swelling of the legs, feet and or hand due to the accumulation of excess fluid in the tissues. The general consensus on getting rid of fluid is by eating less salt. However, there have been controversies on that consensus. So what does science say on the relationship of salt and edema and what home remedies will help you get rid of excess fluid in the body?
A study that aimed to pinpoint whether high sodium chloride intake (salt) would increase fluid build up, found that total body water and also body mass did not increase. It was concluded that high sodium intake does not induce total body water storage but induces a relative fluid shift from the interstitial into the intravascular space.
In fact another research, found that the increase in body sodium in normal subjects, resulted in a large increase in the urinary excretion of sodium, which led to a decrease of circulation aldosterone to very low levels, which is a hormone that plays a role in postoperative fluid retention. It was concluded that increasing urinary excretion of sodium prevents the expansion of extra cellular fluid (EFC).
However, patients in this study with a diagnosis of cirrhosis and heart disease failed to increase their urinary excretion of sodium. This is because patients with cardiac failure and cirrhosis have alterered levels of aldosterone and other hormones, which causes sodium to be retained.
How can you naturally to get rid of excess fluid?
To naturally to get rid of excess fluid, you need to: Eat a balanced diet, avoid anti-inflammatory and steroid medications,exercise frequently and drink water
1) Eat a balanced diet where there is a correct sodium and potassium ratio
Its important to note that an unbalance on certain basic ions such as salt and potassium may cause many health issues, because the concentration of potassium across the cell membrane is a key determinant of the membrane potential of cells, even small deviations in serum potassium level from the normal setpoint can lead to severe muscle dysfunction, resulting in respiratory failure and cardiac arrest.
The way sodium and potassium interact in the body is as follows: sodium draws fluid out of the cells, increasing blood pressure, while potassium draws fluid into the cells, decreasing blood pressure. Therefore, an unbalance in dietary intake of either may cause a cascade effect.
Some of the foods high in sodium to avoid are: deli meats, ketchup and other condiments, soda, canned vegetables and soups, breakfast cereals and frozen foods.
So,what should you do to have a balanced intake of sodium and potassium?
Cook with a reasonable amount of unprocessed salt, not too much. Just enough. Pink salt is said to be the healthiest and purest salt for human consumption. Some of the foods and spices that contain sodium and potassium are:
Beets, celery, carrots, spinach, chard, star fruit, red meat, eggplants, tomatoes, grapefuits, banana, pineapple, watermelon, olives, dry figs, mustard, chili powder, cloves, celery seed, cumin, saffron, spearmint, coriander leaf, dill, mace, curry powder, onion powder and broccoli, which has been reported to reduce weight gain in obese mice.
2) A good way to get rid of excess fluid is to avoid anti-inflammatory and steroid medications, such as predinosone because they are reported to cause fluid retention.
3) Exercise frequently and drink water
It is important to do both because In addition to regulating fluid balance, the kidneys require water for the filtration of waste from the blood stream and excretion via urine. Water excretion via the kidney removes solutes from the blood. And exercise has been proven to improve kidney function.