Breakfast May Not Be The Most Important Meal Of The Day When It Comes To Obesity
Young people who skip breakfast have a lesser chance of becoming obese according to new research.
Is Breakfast Really The Most Important Meal Of the Day?
If JH Kellogg wasn’t trying to make a buck selling cereal, we probably wouldn’t have the ingrained false belief that breakfast is the most important meal of the day.Young people in particular may be dodging obesity when comes to skipping breakfast.
Girls Who Skipped Breakfast Ate Less Calories For The Day, Not More
Girls who skipped breakfast as part of a European study that looked at energy intake and physical activity were found to consume 350 fewer calories per day.
In the large diverse samples of young people and adults, including adolescent girls, more frequent breakfast consumption was associated with a lower risk of being overweight and obese, according to a new study.
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The British study was the first to examine how the omission of breakfast affected adolescent girl’s daily energy intake.Researchers found that the girls ate, on average, an extra 115 calories, when they missed breakfast compared with the days when they ate a standard breakfast provided by researchers.
They also calculated that the breakfast provided to the girls contained 468 calories, so the net intake for total calories consumed in one day was -353 calories when they skipped breakfast. Dietary intakes were assessed using food diaries combined with digital photographic records and physical activity.
Energy Was Higher When Skipping Breakfast
Findings showed that post-breakfast energy intake was higher during three days of skipping breakfast compared with eating the standardized breakfast, although daily fat intake was not different. However, total daily energy intake remained lower when skipping breakfast.
This supports the small number of experimental studies showing that one day of skipping breakfast does not increase the amount of food eaten later in the day to compensate for the energy deficit created by skipping breakfast, particularly in children and in adolescents.
It should be noted that the differences in daily nutrient intake were a direct effect of the breakfast meal, as meals eaten after breakfast were not affected by the breakfast manipulation.
Due to the limited evidence researchers can’t definitively say how breakfast is linked to weight status and health, so further research will help to determine whether daily breakfast consumption can be used as an intervention to reduce future disease risk in young people.
Source: British Journal of Nutrition and is entitled ‘Effect of breakfast omission and consumption on energy intake and physical activity in adolescent girls: a randomised controlled trial’ Authors: Julia K. Zakrzewski-Fruer, Tatiana Plekhanova, Dafni Mandila, Yannis Lekatis and Keith Tolfrey