Cardiac Arrest Claims Chicago Bears Gaines Adams

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The 26-year-old defensive end for the Chicago Bears, Gaines Adams, died on Sunday, January 17, of cardiac arrest resulting from an enlarged heart, according to Greenwood County, South Carolina chief deputy coroner Marcia Kelley-Clark, as reported in the Chicago Tribune. Drug use was not suspected to be a factor in Adams’ death, although toxicology tests are being conducted.

The death of Gaines Adams comes just one month after Cincinnati Bengals’ receiver Chris Henry died after falling out of the back of a pickup truck. Henry also was only 26 years old.

The Sudden Cardiac Arrest Foundation reports that about 300,000 people suffer sudden cardiac arrest each year in the United States. The survival rate is dismal: only 6 to 7 percent. The number of people who die each year from sudden cardiac arrest is seven times the number who die from breast cancer.

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The coroner reported that Gaines Adams had an enlarged heart, although the Chicago Tribune also noted that Adams did not have any previously reported medical conditions that revealed heart problems. An enlarged heart, according to the American Heart Association, is an increase in the size of the heart that can be detected by physical examination, x-rays, or other imaging techniques.

An enlarged heart (also known as cardiomegaly) is not a disease but a symptom of another condition. Although an enlarged heart can develop for no apparent reason, it is often caused by a condition that makes the heart pump harder than usual. These conditions may include high blood pressure, heart valve disease, weakness of the heart muscle (cardiomyopathy), a congenital heart defect, arrhythmia (abnormal heartbeat), pulmonary hypertension, a thyroid disorder, excessive iron in the body (hemochromatosis), accumulation of abnormal proteins in the heart, or anemia.

An enlarged heart is not always preventable, but it is usually treatable, according to Mayo Clinic. Treatment can include medication, surgery, or medical procedures, depending on the cause of the cardiomegaly. Unfortunately, some cases of an enlarged heart got undiagnosed until it is too late.

Gaines Adams’ untimely death from cardiac arrest comes just a few months after he was traded to Chicago from Tampa Bay in exchange for a 2010 second-round draft pick. A graduate of Clemson, Adams was born in Greenwood, South Carolina, and died in the city in which he was born.

SOURCES:
American Heart Association
Chicago Tribune, Jan. 17, 2010
Mayo Clinic
Sudden Cardiac Arrest Foundation

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Comments

Please, i would like to know the biochemistry behind Enlarged Heart. What are the,functions of heart.
Both the Mayo Clinic and the American Heart Association have websites that provide good explanations of an enlarged heart.
Jane, also, the quick and easy explanation is that the heart pumps blood to all of the vital organs. There are 4 chambers that work together to squeeze the right amount of blood to the brain, kidneys and other organs every minute. When the heart becomes enlarged it is either from athleticism (the heart is a muscle and can get large in athletes) and can be normal or it can be abnormal and cause problems with the "squeezing" of the heart. It can lead to heart rhythm problems too that can be life-threatening. Enlarged heart happens from blockages, high blood pressure and sometimes lung problems, but there are other reasons such as birth defects too. The processes are very complex. If the heart has to pump harder or gets damaged it can get bigger and not work efficiently. I hope that helps some. Also, yes, you can find in depth explanations at the sites Deborah mentions.