The Rage of OCD and its Depressive Partner
Anabel sat in the psychologist's office, feeling the rage boil in her as both her Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and depression are diagnosed. She hated coming, she hated it all and she was itching to set those pictures on the wall right. Each one seemed a little crooked. The psychologist was speaking and her mother was nowhere to be seen. Her mind closed off, went blank to the world around her and all she could focus on was her need to fix those damnable picture frames. The woman in front of her would not shut up. Such an annoying person. Such a terrible office. Such torture, utterly despicable torture, to have purposely set those frames off. It's certain Doctor Wasley did it on purpose, part of her tricks to get a reaction out of her patient. And boy was it working. The more the good doctor spoke while Anabel's 14 year old body itched to run over and make sure the frames were aligned, the angrier the girl became. Suddenly a temper tantrum threatened to tear the room apart. Screaming and running while the psychologist tried to protect both herself and her patient filled the room. Once she managed to fix it all, a depressive mood seemed to take over.
Anabel's expressions are similar to many a child's diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder. In truth, a 2013 study published in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry outlined exactly how the two were related. Both a clinical and community sample were used in this study, ensuring there would be proper data to compare to. 387 children's data were assessed within the former sample, versus the 18,415 used for the latter. All of these individuals were diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder.
What exactly is OCD?
According to the Canadian Mental Health Association, up to 4% of children are diagnosed with the disorder, with up to 57% also having a second disorder to top the pudding. Obsessive-compulsive disorder occurs when worries suddenly become obsessions. The thoughts are often intrusive and illogical, though they seem to make sense t the one diagnosed. Where you have obsession, you also have compulsion as you try to alleviate the worries by doing certain things in a ritualistic manner. It often blooms in late childhood and early teens, affecting one's adult life most.
What does depression have to do with anything?
According the the above-mentioned study, the existence of a second disorder is quite common, with a lack of other types of symptoms being looked upon as rare. Temper tantrums are the most common, particularly in those children who display both OCD and depressive symptoms. These outbursts have nothing to do with the severity of the OCD, but merely the fact that it exists. The anxiety disorder combined with OCD adds to the severity of the temper, though it can exist without the obsessive-compulsive as well. Add some dramatic mood swings to the mix and it is one happy family at a party.
So How do you treat the Obsession and Compulsion?
There are two major known ways to treat Obsessive-compulsive disorders that have the best results: Medication and cognitive-behavioral therapy. The medication targets serotonin levels while the cognitive-behavioral takes cognitive therapy to a new level. Exposure and Response Prevention Therapy is also used.
There have been some deviations over the last bit though. On Feb 19, 2009, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Medronic's Reclaim Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) Therapy for the treatment of chronicly severe OCD patients. One stranger treatment has been found through the use of bone marrow. Without a doubt, the next few years will yield more forms of treatment and therapy for obsessive compulsive disorder, each with better end results than the last.