Among those who die after a stroke the vast majority (73%) will die from nonstroke cardiovascular (CV) events.
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Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States, and a leading cause of serious long-term disability. Strokes can occur at any age, but nearly three-quarters of all strokes occur in people over the age of 65. The risk of having a stroke more than doubles each decade after age 55, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Most strokes result from a blockade of blood flow to the brain, producing what is known as an ischemic stroke. When a clot lodges in one of the human brain's arteries, the results can be devastating, if not fatal. The only FDA-approved treatment for this type of stroke is to disrupt the clot, but unfortunately this therapy is hampered by the short time frame in which it can be used.
Fasting during the month of Ramadan raises the risk of a rare type of stroke.
After a stroke, women are more likely to become depressed than men, but despite being depressed, women are more likely than men to take stroke medications.
Like horses running down the long stretch of a race track, two different artery-opening treatments appear to be running neck-and-neck when it comes to preventing stroke among people with clogged neck arteries and other health problems.
For the more than 700,000 people who experience a stroke each year, many never regain the ability to walk like they did prior to their stroke. But physical therapists, using a specialized treadmill, have discovered a new way to help stroke patients walk again -- correctly.
The results of their study, conducted at Baylor Institute for Rehabilitation (BIR), appear in the April 2008 issue of the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
Yale-New Haven Hospital is participating in a phase III research study in which a drug derived from the venom of the Malayan pit viper is being tested for the treatment of stroke. This new investigative drug is known as ancrod, and is being tested in eligible patients who come to the hospital within six hours of the start of stroke symptoms.
Psychological distress, but not depression, may increase the risk of stroke. Previous studies have shown that stroke often leads to depression, but the evidence was mixed as to whether depression could lead to stroke.
"Stroke is among the leading causes of long-term disability and death worldwide," said study author Paul Surtees, PhD, of the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom. "Understanding the mechanisms by which overall emotional health may increase stroke risk may inform stroke prevention and help identify those at increased stroke risk."
Stroke patients who use ibuprofen for arthritis pain or other conditions while taking aspirin to reduce the risk of a second stroke undermine aspirin's ability to act as an anti-platelet agent.
Stroke sufferers can boost their brain functioning with listening to their favorite music daily. New research by University of Helsinki suggests that music therapy is effective for early post-stroke stage.
Stroke patients who fail the standard stroke treatment using clot-busting drugs may succeed with more advanced therapies.
People who have good physical function after the age of 40 may lower their risk of stroke by as much as 50 percent compared to people who are not able to climb stairs, kneel, bend, or lift as well.
The cholesterol-lowering medication atorvastatin (Lipitor) may slightly increase the risk of hemorrhagic stroke.
Anyone in a higher-risk group who suffers a minor stroke will receive an MRI scan.
Nuvelo dosed the first patient in a Phase 2 proof-of-concept trial of alfimeprase for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke.
People can lower the risk of stroke up to 50 percent if they stay in shape and have good physical function after the age of 40.
Researchers have discovered that patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting can reduce their risk of post-operative stroke.
Repetitive training that simulates everyday leg function can help people walk more easily after stroke.
NeuroAid is the first natural compound to be studied in a large clinical trial focused on stroke recovery starting in the acute stage.
Occupational therapy can improve the lives of patients who have suffered a stroke and lessen their chances of deteriorating.
People who stopped taking cholesterol-lowering drugs after being hospitalized for a stroke are at greater risk of death or dependency within three months of the stroke.