Spit For Parkinson's Disease
Do you have Parkinson’s Disease? Would you spit for Parkinson’s Disease Research? If yes to those two questions, then 23andMe would like to hear from you.
23and Me is the gene-testing company backed by Google Inc.. The company wants to collect DNA from the spit of 10,000 people with Parkinson’s disease. The spit will be used to hunt for common genes that may cause the illness or help predict patients’ response to drugs. To entice patients to participate, the Mountain View, California-based company will offer to test them for $25, a fraction of the normal $399 fee. To get the discounted rate, the patients must sign up by March 22. They will then be sent a “spit kit” to gather their saliva and mail it.
One million North Americans and more than 4 million people worldwide have Parkinson’s. 23andMe will work will two nonprofit research groups, the Parkinson’s Institute in Sunnyvale, California, and the New York-based Michael J. Fox Foundation, which was founded in 2000 by Fox, an actor, who suffers from Parkinson’s to do the research. They will be looking at environmental factors such as chemical exposure in addition to genes.
Parkinson's disease is a disorder that affects nerve cells in a part of the brain that controls muscle movement. it is not know what damages these cells. The disease usually begins around age 60, but it can start earlier. It is more common in men than in women. There is no cure for Parkinson's disease. A variety of medicines sometimes help symptoms dramatically.
Symptoms of Parkinson's disease may include:
Trembling of hands, arms, legs, jaw and face
Stiffness of the arms, legs and trunk
Slowness of movement
Poor balance and coordination
As the disease progresses, symptoms get worse. Patients with Parkinson’s may have trouble walking, talking or doing simple tasks. They may also have problems such as depression, sleep problems or trouble chewing, swallowing or speaking.