Obese People not at Risk for Heart Disease, Diabetes
Researchers now say obese people not at risk for heart disease and diabetes are those with healthy metabolic profiles. Obesity is typically associated with increased risk for heart disease and type 2 diabetes, but in the absence of high cholesterol and blood pressure, not all obese people are destined to develop heart and blood vessel disease that can lead to diabetes and heart attack.
According to André van Beek, MD, PhD who co-authored the study from the Netherlands, "Some obese persons have a normal cardiovascular risk profile, and they have no increased risk for heart and blood vessel disease [because of their weight]. He adds that frequent monitoring of risk factors is essential and that the percent of obese people who need not worry about heart disease and diabetes is small.
Researchers from the University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands looked at 1,325 obese individuals from 8,356 participants in the Dutch PREVEND (Prevention of Renal and Vascular Endstage Disease). The findings showed that some obese people were not found to be at risk for heart disease and diabetes but the percentage was small.
Among the participants, age 28 to 75 years, only 90 individuals with obesity had healthy metabolic profiles meaning they were unlikely to be targeted as high risk for heart attack or diabetes.
Of the 90 obese individuals, just one developed heart disease over a 71/2 year period, a finding that researchers say is comparable to individuals whose weight is normal.
Even though obese people not at risk for heart disease who have normal blood pressure and cholesterol levels may be protected, the researchers say obesity can lead to other health problems worth noting, including joint disease and muscle complaints. Newer findings show obesity also contributes to poor sexual health. They also note there is only a small percent of obese people who are not at risk for heart disease and diabetes.