What Is Coronary Microvascular Angina That Toni Braxton Has

Armen Hareyan's picture
Braxton And Microvascular Angina
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Toni Braxton is diagnosed with coronary microvascular angina. The diseases starves parts of her boy of oxygenated blood and causes breathing problems. However, despite her microvascular angina she is joining and competing in the coming season of Dancing with the Stars, writes E! Online.

The Medical University of South Carolina describes Microvascular Angina (also known as Syndrome X) as a condition that occurs when the patient experiences chest pain but has no apparent coronary artery blockage. "This condition results from poor functioning of the tiny blood vessels that nourish the heart, arms and legs(8). Microvascular angina can occur during exercise or at rest. Reduced vasodilator capacity of the coronary microvessels is thought to be a cause of angina during exercise, but the mechanism of angina at rest is not known. Coronary microvascular spasm and resultant myocardial ischemia may be the cause of chest pain in a subgroup of patients with microvascular angina."

"One major association between microvascular angina and the insulin-resistance syndrome has arisen from terminological confusion.

"The term syndrome X was first used in the 1970’s to refer to a heterogeneous group of patients with chest pain and normal coronary angiograms.

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"In the late 1980’s this concurrence of myocardial ischaemia and normal angiograms was called microvascular angina.
The term "metabolic" syndrome X was first used in the late 1980’s to describe a pathological insulin-resistant condition, characterised by high prevalences of non-insulin-dependent diabetes, hypertension, obesity, dyslipidaemia, and cardiovascular disease.

"The term insulin resistance syndrome is now preferred by many to refer to this pathological insulin resistant condition."

Texas Heart Institute writes that Angina is the pain one feels when a diseased vessel in heart (called a coronary artery) can no longer deliver enough blood to a part of the heart muscle to meet its need for oxygen. The heart's lack of oxygen-rich blood is called ischemia. Angina usually happens when one's heart has an extra need for oxygen-rich blood, such as during exercise. Other causes of angina can be emotional stress, extreme cold or hot temperatures, heavy meals, alcohol, and smoking.

"Microvascular angina is a type of angina where patients have chest pain but do not seem to have a blockage in a coronary artery. The pain in the chest is because the tiny blood vessels that feed the heart, arms, and legs are not working properly. Generally, patients cope well with this type of angina and have very few long-term side effects.

Lifestyle changes and medicine are the most common ways to control angina and provide treatment. In more severe cases, a procedure called revascularization may be necessary.

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Comments

all comment are related to women, I am a male and I fell that I may also have these same problems, Had triple bypass in 11-04 and have had chest pain over the last 4 years. they have done caths and no blockages that they have not fixed, but still have chest pain. have done EECP twice with relief that lasted for about 10 months then back to chest pain. been back to the hospital about 20 times with chest pain, finding that no heart problems. This last time the gave me another angina med and the said I am on all the angina meds there is. any help from you would be vary useful to me.
Trial and error of nitrates and using nitro at will has helped me be more stable. There is a theory we may be nitric oxide deficient and need donor nitro to dilate our micro vessels. I have put up information through a Facebook public page - Coronary Mictovascular Disease- CMD. We even have a private support group and men are in there too!!! Best of luck. No cure but ways to manage our best. Annett
I have had 4 cathorizations,but none of my large arteries are blocked,I think from my symptoms,I have micro invasive coronary disease,but all the Doctors I been to say never heard of it ,so I don't have it,any help finding a Doctor somewhere in USA.
Unsure if you may be a 'Carol' already in our group- as your reply was years ago... But you can contact me by way of friending 'Coronary Microvascular Dysfunction on Facebook. We do have a private support group that is world wide and helps connect patients to doctors most likely to help this condition. Best- Annette
Microvascular angina is not as benign as previously reported. Always check dates of information and get current info. Non-obstructive heart disease can be as debilitating as the usually detected blockages of the larger vessels. Ant area, starved for too long of O2, risks the chance of killing heart muscle cells- this micro damage can add up to bigger trouble. Much more needs to be learned about Coronary Microvascular Disease.