Depressed And Angry? It's Your Nerves
There are several types of depressive disorders: major depression, dysthymia and bipolar disorder.
Depression is manifested by a combination of symptoms that interfere with the ability to work, study, sleep, eat and enjoy activities that were once pleasurable. A disabling episode of depression may occur only once in a lifetime, but typically occurs several times.
Dysthymia is a less severe form of depression, including chronic symptoms that do not disable, but which interfere with the operation and welfare of the individual. Many patients with dysthymia may also experience severe depression symptoms sometime during their life.
The third type of depression is manifested in bipolar disorder. This is not as common as the other depressive disorders and is characterized by cyclical changes in mood: phases of high or euphoric mood (mania) and low phases of mind (depression). These changes can be rapid or gradual. When a person is in the depressive phase he may have one or several various types of depressive disorders. When he or she is in the manic phrase, he may be hyperactive, talking excessively with lots of energy. Mania affects thinking and behavior. It can get the patient in a serious trouble.
Causes Of Depression
It's not only a biological predisposition in the case of bipolar disorder. Stress, family problems, work or study, loss of a loved one contribute triggering the disease. Problems in personal relationships, economic hardship or any stressful situation, hidden or obvious, also contribute in triggering depressive episodes.
People with low self-esteem see themselves and the world as a pessimists. With this weakness in their psychological structure, always from a traumatic childhood, they are easily overwhelmed by stress and are predisposed to depression.
Physical illnesses can also lead to mental problems. Diseases such as heart attacks and cancers can produce a depressive disorder. The ill person feels depressed and apathetic and desires to meet their own physical needs, thus prolonging the recovery period.
Depression in Women
Depression in women is almost double the proportion of men. It is because of the changes produced by the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, abortion, postpartum, premenopause and menopause. Women may have more stress because of the responsibilities of childcare, household maintenance and work. Some women have a greater burden of responsibility for being single mothers or taking care of elderly parents.
Depression in Men
The man tends to be more reluctant to admit that they have depression. Therefore, diagnosis may be more difficult to do. Depression can also affect the physical health of men, although in a different way than in women. Recent studies indicate that depression in men is associated with a higher risk of heart attacks and with a high death rate.
Depression in Children
Depression in children began to be recognized recently. The child can pretend to be physically sick, refuse to go to school, not wanting to separate from parents or express fear that a parent may die. An older child may show excessive moodiness, school problems or feel misunderstood by indiscipline.
Depression in Elderly
When an older person becomes depressed, his or her depression sometimes erroneously is considered a normal part of aging. Depression in the elderly, if not diagnosed or treated, causes unnecessary suffering for themselves and their families.
Introspective therapies, indicated for treating depression, are designed to help patients solve their current and past conflicts. For best results, patients may require medication along with psychotherapy or before.
Signs and symptoms of depression
You can suspect a depressive disorder if:
- Experience discouragement, vacuum or persistent anxiety.
- You have feelings of hopelessness, guilt, worthlessness or helplessness.
- You lose interest or pleasure in activities and hobbies they once enjoyed, including sex.
- Decreased energy, feeling exhausted or lethargic.
- It makes it difficult to concentrate, remember and make decisions.
- Suffering from sleep disorders, like insomnia or excessive sleep.
- Lose weight, appetite, both, or, on the contrary, more eating and weight gain.
- You have suicidal thoughts or suicide attempts.
- Feel-restlessness, irritability.
- Being affected by persistent physical symptoms such as headaches, digestive disorders and chronic pain and unresponsive to medical treatment, which mask depression.