Why an Annual Physical Exam May Shorten Your Lifespan
In this month’s Consumer Reports on Health, the editors of an article titled “Do you need an annual checkup” find that when it comes to getting your annual physical exam that it―like many other medical procedures―is not absolutely necessary to ensure good health. In fact, they report that seeing your doctor for an annual exam could shorten your lifespan.
The basis of this claim of a prematurely shortened lifespan comes from studies that show that head-to-toe annual checkups will not necessarily help the average (the keyword here is “average”) person live longer or have fewer diseases and problems. Rather, Consumer Reports on Health reports that having your yearly annual exam can result in pulling the trigger for unnecessary follow-up testing and treatment that not only wastes time and money, but poses some risks as well.
These risks were reported from a study published independently by the Cochrane Collaboration―an international network that helps healthcare practitioners, policy-makers, patients, their advocates and their care-givers, make well-informed decisions about health care, by preparing, updating, and promoting the latest analysis of current medical treatments. They found that of a total of 182,880 patients from 14 separate studies that when it comes to the number of overall deaths or deaths from cancer or heart disease, that there is no difference in outcome for those patients who had annual physical exams and those who did not.
Furthermore, they also determined that an annual exam did not lower the number of hospital admissions, the number of doctor visits, disability or time lost from work due to illness. But in fact, their results suggest that an annual exam can lead to health problems due to false alarms or misreading of EKGs that then lead to stress, unnecessary radiation exposure, and inappropriate invasive procedures like angioplasty when a patient did not really need it.
Fortunately, there is a growing awareness that the annual exam need not be a one-size-fits-all physical. Rather, that a more targeted approach that assesses your age, gender and health beforehand could lead to a varied physical exam that avoids unnecessary stress and treatments. Pap smears for women and PSA blood tests for men are but two examples of procedures not needed by everyone all the time.