Individuals who become alcohol dependent before age 25 are less likely to ever seek treatment than those who become alcohol dependent at age 30 or older.
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Researchers studying the effects of alcohol on the brain have identified several novel central nervous system proteins that are affected by chronic alcohol exposure.
Scan of human genome may provide important new tools for prevention of alcoholism and treatment.
One variant of the alcohol dehydrogenase gene can influence alcohol response among some Caucasians.
Alcoholism can cause neuropsychological deficits, but what degree of recovery may occur with abstinence from alcohol.
Most studies of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) have been linked to heavy and/or binge drinking, especially in minority and poor populations.
An alcoholism treatment drug called acamprosate, widely used in Europe, can alleviate post withdrawal sleep disturbances by influencing glutamatergic transmission.
Blood alcohol levels well above the legal limit have soared 113 per cent among emergency care patients in just five years.
The conclusion that alcoholism is genetically influenced is supported by the fact that alcoholism runs in families, with a high risk for the offspring.
Chronic alcoholism is associated with numerous olfactory deficits in odor judgment, odor identification, odor sensitivity, and the ability to qualitatively discriminate between odors.