If Antidepressants Don't Work, What Can You Do?
A recent study from the Journal of the American Medical Association has indicated that certain antidepressants are not effective for people with milder cases of depression. Before seeking medication for sad feelings, it may be appropriate to determine if you have clinical depression, seasonal affective disorder, or just a case of the blues and if there are lifestyle changes you can make to help with relief from the symptoms.
Clinical depression is an illness that causes sadness, loss of interest in enjoyable activities, social withdrawal, and fatigue or low energy levels. Sad and hopeless feelings occur every day for at least 2 weeks. The terms mild, moderate, and severe describe the level of symptoms and length of episodes. Clinical depression is a result of an imbalance of neurotransmitters in the brain, particularly serotonin and dopamine. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, clinical depression affects approximately 14.8 million American adults, or about 6.7% of the population.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is a form of depression that typically occurs in the winter when people receive less ambient light and are indoors for extended periods of time. It correlates with mild depression, and as the weather turns warmer and days get longer, symptoms usually resolve. Like other forms of depression, it is typically more prominent in women than in men.
No matter the cause or form of depression, it is important to seek appropriate help to ensure that it does not progress into a more serious situation. Counseling, psychotherapy, support groups and other mental health professionals can help you decide if medication is an appropriate avenue. Should symptoms be manageable without medication, here are some tips for helping break the depression cycle.