Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes, List Keeps Growing
It seems every few weeks there is another study suggesting a new risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Because type 2 diabetes has reached epidemic proportions and has such a significant impact on overall health, it seems like a good time to look at some of the new potential risk factors for the disease and review those that have been established.
What are the potential risk factors for diabetes?
Before we look at the established risk factors for diabetes, recent research has uncovered some new potential issues to consider. For example:
A study from the United Kingdom indicated that having psoriasis may be a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, and that individuals with severe psoriasis had a greater risk than did those who had mild disease. The study involved 108,132 people with psoriasis and 430,716 who were psoriasis-free.
The apparent link between psoriasis and type 2 diabetes is inflammation. According to the study's authors, "this relationship may be driven by chronic inflammation because both psoriasis and T2DM [type 2 diabetes] are associated with elevated levels of Th1-driven inflammatory markers, and because several studies have pointed to endogenous insulin resistance in patients with psoriasis."
Low testosterone may raise the risk of type 2 diabetes among men. While research has shown that low testosterone levels are associated with insulin resistance, which in turn can trigger obesity and type 2 diabetes, new information uncovered in mouse studies shows low testosterone may prompt diabetes even when weight is normal.
Yet another possible risk factor for type 2 diabetes is low levels of vitamin D, although the association is slightly circuitous. In the new study, which was presented at The Endocrine Society's 94th Annual Meeting, researchers found a relationship between lower levels of vitamin D and metabolic syndrome, which is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes.