Arthritis Treatment in Dogs, An Update
Arthritis is as old as time: the dinosaurs had it, according to the Arthritis Foundation, and we know people get it, and so do their dogs. Here's an update on the latest research on arthritis treatment for dogs and a view on what actions you might take to help your pooch.
Dogs and people experience arthritis in similar ways
If you look at the typical signs and symptoms of arthritis in dogs, you will probably recognize some that apply to people as well. Here's what to look for in dogs:
- Difficulty standing, getting up from a seated position, or sitting
- Favoring a leg
- Signs of sore or stiff joints
- Weight gain
- Reduced activity or less interest in play
- Hesitancy to climb stairs, run, or jump
- Sleeping more
- Change in behavior or attitude
- Less alert
Dogs who demonstrate any of these symptoms for two weeks or longer should be examined by a veterinarian, who will do a physical exam and may order x-rays to determine if there is any joint damage or other evidence of arthritis. Then you and your vet can establish a treatment plan.
Research on treatment of arthritis in dogs
At Kansas State University, James Roush, professor of clinical sciences, has been conducting research on osteoarthritis therapy and how to reduce postsurgical pain treatment in dogs. Since dogs and humans experience arthritis in much the same ways, Roush's research may benefit both species.
One research projects involves a mat system, which measures the amount of pressure in a dog's step when it walks on the mat. Roush and his associate are using the mat system to evaluate osteoarthritis and lameness in dogs.
Roush explained that the mat helps them develop, evaluate, and improve treatments for lameness and osteoarthritis. When dogs step on the mat, the researchers can "measure their recovery and...how they respond to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories, how they respond to narcotics or how they respond to a surgical procedure that is designed to take that pressure off the joint."
A recent study from Italy published in Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology reported on success using a herbal remedy for arthritis in dogs. Twelve dogs with osteoarthritis were administered either curcumin or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug for 20 days.