What’s in a Name? Changing the Way We Identify Autism Severity
Most people have heard about the changes with the DSM-5, but how many have looked into the name changes it implements for autism? This author has and while asking others the question from most was--Why did they have to abolish important disorders to a numbered category?
It first must be said that there were other changes made to the DSM-5 as it pertains to the umbrella of autistic spectrum disorders, for information on those changes you are urged to further look it up. This article only covers the condensing and renaming of the descriptive names.
Changes to the Names of Autism
This author cannot argue that with the old way there was instant visual recognition. The more severe the child’s deficits the more severe they placed on the autism spectrum. Much like any other parent-of an autistic child--I hate change of any kind! Obviously these changes are not an exclusion from that rule; however there are good reasons to change the way things are done sometimes.
According to the DSM-IV the descriptive names of autism where:
• Severe Autism (Low Functioning)
• Moderate Autism (Moderate Functioning)
• Asperger’s Syndrome
• Mild Autism (High Functioning)
The DSM-5 has them listed as follows:
• Autism Level 1
• Autism Level 2
• Autism Level 3
Essentially what they have done is taken severe autism and renamed it Autism Level 3. They then removed Asperger’s Syndrome from the spectrum subsequently combining it in with Moderate Autism making Autism Level 2. PDD-NOS (Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified) was also removed from the spectrum subsequently combining it with Mild Autism making Autism Level 1.