Florida Medicaid Changes Come Under Scrutiny in 2012
In 2011 the Florida state legislature approved a statute authorizing the state to make significant changes to Florida’s Medicaid Reform program already in existence as a pilot. The changes impacted only the five counties engaged in the pilot since 2006. In 2012 Floridians could see additional, wide-ranging changes to their Medicaid health insurance program as the modified plan expands throughout the state and as the federal government intervenes.
Passed in May, the bill shifted Medicaid health insurance recipients from the government-centered effort that provides affordable health care to low-income families by paying providers for services to managed-care companies that are contractually obligated to provide services and meet cost-reduction goals, according to an article in the Sunshine State News. The article highlighted the motivation on the part of state leaders to reduce Medicaid costs that eat up nearly 30 percent of the state’s annual budget. Fifty percent of those funds come from the federal government.
In a detailed review of Florida’s changes, the Georgetown University Health Policy Institute said some program changes that the state is seeking require waiver authority from the federal government and others do not. Principle among the changes, the institute said, is a desire to move much of Florida’s acute and long-term care services into capitated managed care. Capitated managed care means a managed care company receives monthly payments to cover most or all of the services that a beneficiary receives rather than providers being paid on a fee-for-service basis.
To understand the federal government’s interest in Florida’s doings, the Georgetown paper pointed out “in the next three fiscal years, it is estimated that for every $1 Florida spends on Medicaid, the federal government will give the state 58-59 cents. Currently, annual costs for Florida Medicaid health insurance program are slightly less than $20.3 billion.” This “open-ended source” of funding coming from the federal government does have strings attached. When Florida embarks on a new approach or idea and uses federal matching funds, the state must request a waiver of existing federal Medicaid rules. Thus the state’s proposed changes in 2012 including the move of long-term care services to managed care will come under scrutiny of Medicaid officials in the very near future.