Reasons why your child might be a target of bullying
Bullying is a topic of concern to families across the US. Multiple reasons exist for the problem, including, jealousy, racism, and just plain aggressive behavior. Two common reasons for bullying have been reported online on December 24 in the journal Pediatrics. Both reasons can be amenable to intervention. Not surprisingly, overweight children are at increased risk of bullying; however, the other reason is surprising: food allergies.
In the food allergy study, researchers affiliated with Mount Sinai Medical Center (New York, New York), Fordham University (New York, New York) and Wayne Valley High School (Wayne, New Jersey) theorized that the social vulnerability that is associated with food allergy might predispose these children to bullying and harassment. Their study attempted to quantify the extent, methods, and correlates of bullying in a cohort of food-allergic children.
During allergy clinic visits, patient and parent (83.6% mothers) pairs were consecutively recruited to independently answer questionnaires. Bullying due to food allergy or for any cause, quality of life, and distress in both the child and parent were evaluated via questionnaires. The investigators found that of 251 families who completed the surveys, 45.4% of the children and 36.3% of their parents reported that the child had been bullied or harassed for any reason. Furthermore, 31.5% of the children and 24.7% of the parents noted that the bullying was specifically due to food allergy. The bullying, which was primarily done by classmates, often included threats with foods. Bullying was significantly associated with decreased quality of life and increased distress in parents and children, independent of the reported severity of the allergy. A greater frequency of bullying was related to a poorer quality of life. In only about half (52.1%) of the bullying incidents, were the parents aware of the child-reported bullying. The investigators found that parental knowledge of bullying was associated with better quality of life and less distress in the bullied children.