ADHD research exploding in recent months
In recent months, researchers have published a large amount of material regarding attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The condition is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. It is characterized by the inability to focus or pay attention, hyperactivity and impulsive behavior. The behavior problems are so frequent that they interfere with the child's ability to adequately function on a daily basis without treatment. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity. Amphetamine (Adderall), methylphenidate (Ritalin) and other central nervous system stimulants are given to children who suffer from ADHD. Interestingly, these drugs do not have the stimulant effect observed in adults when given to children before they reach puberty. In the U.S., approximately 2.7 million children are prescribed ADHD medication, primarily to reduce impulsive behavior as well as to improve focus and attention span. In addition, more than 1.5 million adults also take the medications. Over the past decade, the use of ADHD drugs in adults has outpaced that in children.